Yesterday, Premier Doug Ford along with some cabinet colleagues announced that the Province of Ontario would build a new rapid-transit project through central and east-end Toronto that it's dubbing "the Ontario Line". The proposal is the keystone of a $28.5 billion plan to expand "Ontario's" transit network for which the province is committing $11.2 billion, and is hoping the federal and municipal governments will come on board for the rest. Three suburban York Region mayors were in attendance at the event. Toronto Mayor John Tory was not.

The Ontario Line, part of the larger transit expansion announcement, image, Province of Ontario

The Ontario Line, extending from the Ontario Science Centre to Ontario Place, is the new name for the subway-formerly-known-as-the-Downtown-Relief-Line. It's a key component of the province's transformational plan for Toronto transit.

According to an enthusiastic provincial government news release, "Transit users and commuters across Ontario can look forward to transportation improvements as part of the Government of Ontario's historic new transportation vision… Joined by Jeff Yurek, Minister of Transportation, and Monte McNaughton, Minister of Infrastructure, Ford announced [the plan]… This is the most money ever invested to get shovels in the ground and get new subways built."

The province expects that this new rapid-transit line will cost $10.9 billion. It will start somewhere on the Exhibition Place/Ontario Place site and wind its way along an unspecified route to Osgoode Station. It will then follow the path that the City of Toronto has already approved for the line to Pape Station and then head northward to end at the Science Centre Station on the under-construction Eglinton Crosstown LRT line. The line would mostly be underground other than for an elevated crossing of the Don River, likely in East York, but details are slim and that isn't completely clear.

The Premier unveiled this map to illustrate his plan, image, Province of Ontario

The premier has already announced that this line will use alternate technology, instead of the TTC's traditional subway cars, but Ontario has not specified what this technology would be. In a news report by Amara McLaughlin, CBC Toronto describes the line as "light rail". The Toronto Star's Rihanna Jackson-Kelso and Emerald Bensadoun explain that the line "will use smaller, automated trains than the existing subway".

In another Star article, transportation reporter Ben Spurr writes, "Examples of similar train technology in operation in other parts of the world include the Docklands Light Railway in London, U.K., and Vancouver’s SkyTrain." Since SkyTrain is a direct descendant of a type of rail transport first operated here in Toronto in 1985 that, possibly, means that the new line will use same technology that powers the sturdy, but increasingly failing, Scarborough RT.

An issue to using different technology than elsewhere on the TTC's rapid-transit system is finding a location for a yard to store and maintain the trains. Under the current proposal for the line, the TTC would have kept the trains in the Greenwood Yard, accessed via a new tunnel to connect the yard with the Relief Line south and east of Pape Station. The announcement yesterday made no mention of how the Ontario Line trains would be managed.

The City of Toronto has already approved this alignment for the Relief Line, image, City of Toronto

The City recently completed an environmental assessment for the Osgoode-to-Pape section of the line, generally the last step before a project goes ahead. (Rod Phillips, Ontario's Minister of the Environment Conservation and Parks, approved the assessment report late last year.) The City tentatively targetted 2029 as the date for completing the project after it recently approved a plan to speed up construction. The provincial government will also have to undergo the same process for the new parts of the line before any construction can start, but claims that the line will be open in 2027.

On its blog, regional transit agency Metrolinx states,

"[The Ontario] line will:

  • be the largest single expansion in Toronto’s subway history
  • [be] twice the length of the proposed Downtown Relief Line (DRL) for approximately the same cost
  • have the same peak capacity as the TTC’s existing Line 1
  • move twice as many people per day as the proposed DRL, with ridership expected to be more than 400,000 people per weekday
  • add 50% more subway capacity to downtown
  • divert as much as 20% of current riders of the TTC’s Line 1 to the Ontario Line
  • bring transit to underserviced priority neighbourhoods like Thorncliffe Park and Flemingdon Park."

The provincial plan also includes three more major transit projects:

The projects require a total of $28.5 billion, of which the province has committed $11.2 billion. The Ontario news release adds, "This funding over-delivers on the government's commitment to put $5 billion into subway extensions."

The City has approved this one-stop extension of the TTC's Line 2 in Scarborough, image, TTC, City of Toronto

"Our government is investing in transportation to bring relief and new opportunities to transit users and commuters," said Premier Ford. "We announced the new Ontario Line to deal with the dangerous congestion on Line 1, the Yonge North Subway Extension that will connect the subway to one of the region's largest employment centres, the three-stop Scarborough Subway Extension to better serve communities, and the Eglinton Crosstown West Extension—a large portion of which will be built underground to keep people and goods moving on our roadways. This is our plan, our priority."

After the announcement, Toronto Mayor John Tory tweeted, "The best news I heard today was that the province will commit to supporting the lines [and] projects that executive committee endorsed yesterday to receive the $4.8 billion in federal funding that is available right now for transit expansion. That's a commitment to working together."

Jan De Silva, president and chief executive officer of the Toronto Region Board of Trade, which has long advocated for integrating regional transit said, "[The] transit network plan… includes long-term financial funding for regional transit construction and prioritization of subway transit expansion. Most importantly, it aggressively acts on the City of Toronto’s priority transit projects including the City’s highest transit priority, the Downtown Relief Line, now named the Ontario Line; and, to provide relief to our transit chokepoints at Bloor/Yonge and Union Station.

 "It's clear from the details we saw that the Ontario Line is a thoughtfully engineered proposal, incorporating real innovations of the sort the Board has called on governments to deliver in heavy infrastructure construction for years. For example, the single decision to cross over rather than under the Don River should provide significant savings in cost, planning time and construction time. The use of narrower trains should enable faster tunnel construction underground, easier engineering to bridge over the Don and broader procurement."

The City had been considering this 10-stop surface LRT on Eglinton Avenue West, image, City of Toronto

Not surprisingly, not everyone is happy with the plan. Councillor Josh Matlow told CP24, "Scarborough residents lose. Torontonians lose. Property tax payers lose. We are on the hook for billions of dollars of a plan we had no part in devising."

Councillor Gord Perks tweeted, "The single most important fact about the proposal is that it substantially differs in design and technology from existing plans. It therefore means going back to the drawing board, doing new engineering and land use work. That work will take years."

The City and TTC had already committed to extending the Line 2 Bloor–Danforth subway one stop to Scarborough Centre Station at a cost of about $3.9 billion. The city expected to open the extension by 2026, just before the aging Scarborough RT trains reach the end of their operating life. As we learned last week, the partners in this project were ready to start procuring for tunnel-boring contractors, but may have to delay that plan, now that the Premier has added two more stations on McCowan Road—one each at Lawrence and Sheppard avenues. The plan also adds as much as four more years to the timeline and $2 billion to the bill for delivering this project.

Plans to extend the TTC's Line 1 subway to Richmond Hill would proceed, image, TTC, York Region

The Province's version of extending the TTC's Line 1 Yonge–University subway to Richmond Hill is mostly the same as the TTC, Metrolinx, the City of Toronto and York Region have already planned it. But, the Province is now affirming that the line will not open until the Ontario Line is complete. Ontario now acknowledges that extending the Yonge line northward would result in overcrowding the line unless some sort of, well, relief line is open first.

With the fourth project, extending the Crosstown LRT westward, the province has determined that this line would be underground west of Royal York Road, nearly doubling the price tag to $4 billion. The City previously planned to operate this line in the middle of Eglinton Avenue West but was awaiting input from Metrolinx and the Greater Toronto Airports Authority on a further extension to Toronto Pearson International Airport before finalizing its plans.

The provincial proposal is silent on two more vitally necessary components of the city's rapid transit network--extending the Crosstown LRT eastward to U of T Scarborough and Malvern, and building a Waterfront line. In an article for the Toronto Sun, reporter Antonella Artuso quotes the premier: "Ontario Place will soon be a world-class, year-round destination that visitors and residents will be able to get to on a subway."

The City's Eglinton East LRT plan would extend the Crosstown LRT deeper into Scarborough, image, City of Toronto

While the Ontario Line station at Ontario Place would definitely improve access to the waterfront, it doesn't help to increase service where most waterfront development is happening in the East Bayfront/East Harbour/Port Lands area.

Mayor Tory claims that work on these projects would continue. "I will also be asking our City and TTC staff to identify a way in which we can accelerate work on the Eglinton East LRT and Waterfront transit projects as a city," he said. "These are important community and employment connectors and I want to see us continue to move them forward."

However, one more project—unfunded so far—also looms in the provincial scheme: extending the Line 4 Sheppard subway eastward to meet the Line 2 extension at McCowan and Sheppard. CBC reports that "The province says it 'remains committed' to extending the Sheppard subway line… No estimate of cost or completion date for the project was provided by the Province at its unveiling of the other projects, but a news release said it will 'begin exploratory work on cost and completion timelines to lock in the project for a future build date following the completion of the Scarborough Subway Extension' in 2030 or so."

Meanwhile, Artuso tells readers, "The province intends to build the Ontario Line as a private-public partnership, allowing the private sector to propose some of the design elements, a move provincial officials argue will lower the risk of going over budget.

Ontario also expects the Government of Canada and the City to help fund these projects to te tune of $17.3 billion, but, the Premier said yesterday that if other governments don't step up, that the Province would be prepared to 'back stop' the work, especially the extra costs for the Line 2 extension into Scarborough.

The City will continue to develop a waterfront transit network, image, City of Toronto

As part of the announcement, Premier Ford reaffirmed the government's commitment to working with the City of Toronto to upload the TTC subway infrastructure.

Mayor Tory tweeted, "Premier Ford was clear today that his government remains committed to work closely with the City and I will be working to make sure these discussions continue in a spirit of cooperation, but committed to building as much transit as we can as soon as possible."

"The TTC is a vital service that supports not just Torontonians but the people of Ontario," said Minister Yurek. "Our government is continuing to work in good faith with the City under the Terms of Reference to make sure that we can build better transit faster."

According to CBC, Yurek also told reporters at the launch event, "The TTC are great operators. They're just not experts in building. We can do things the city can't. We can prioritize, make decisions, and perhaps most importantly, finance these projects." Despite the comment, the TTC has managed to build all of its infrastructure to date. The Crosstown LRT, however, is being built as a public-private partnership overseen by Metrolinx.

"Today we are embarking on the most ambitious provincial transit buildout Ontario has ever seen," added Minister McNaughton. "This is great for people and good for jobs."

Vancouver's SkyTrain, image, TransLink

Great for jobs and great for people, te announcement may be. But, while Torontonians understand that the city's transit network is in dire need of help… the new plans may be frustrating for the many staff who have worked on developing the city's transit-network plans so far and to the hundreds of people who turned out to public events to comment, ask questions and help shape those plans. Time will tell how much of that work and that input will matter in the new, imposed plan.

We will continue to update you as plans progress. But what do you think? Add your comments in the space provided below, or you can join in on the discussion in our various dedicated Forum threads:

Related Companies:  Crosslinx Transit Solutions, Daoust Lestage Architecture, Greater Toronto Airports Authority, IBI Group, LANDinc., Metrolinx, Province of Ontario, Toronto Transit Commission, Urban Strategies Inc., West 8, Zeidler Partnership Architects