In common parlance, the landscaping that accompanies development is often thought of as the incorporation of green spaces in urban environments. In reality, however, landscaping involves more than plantings and greenery. Today's 'Explainer' considers hardscapes and softscapes, landscaping terms that are crucial elements when considering a project's aesthetics. Exactly what is hardscaping and softscaping, and how do the two differ? Our sister site,, provides an answer:

An example of Hardscaping, image by Marcus Mitanis

The vast majority of new buildings, no matter where they are located, institute a formal landscaping program to enhance the visual appeal of the project, create an inviting entrance, and add warmth to otherwise sterile environments. The landscaping program consists of distinct hardscape and softscape design elements. 

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