In Toronto, they rotate the red-light cameras, between dummy and real cameras. This was a relinquishment to the suburban automobile disciples. They should ALL be real cameras.I think speeding is one of the issues, actually. There’s a lot of evidence that hitting a pedestrian at 30km/h is significantly less damaging than hitting them at 40km/h. Even the City of Toronto has finally recognized that, and has changed some of the numbers on its signs as a result. Big deal. Cameras enforce compliance full stop, in a far more cost-effective manner than hiring an army of traffic cops. As do speed bumps, lane narrowing, roundabouts and ruthlessly enforced zebra crossings. But AB, I’m truly curious about your dismissal of cameras as part of the solution. Admittedly NSW is the only comparison about which I have any truly intimate knowledge, but I guarantee you they’re a big part of the equation there, and getting even bigger with the implementation of AI to detect driver phone use.
However, speeding is by no means the only issue. RTOR is a nutso Ontario thing that has no place in a city. I’ve driven a fair amount in Europe and the UK over the years, in addition to Australia, and just assume RTOR is illegal in other cities. Since I generally don’t get honked at while stopped at a red with my right (or left as the case may be) turn signal on, I’m guessing most jurisdictions ban it. Furthermore, our lack of mid-street pedestrian refuges as a matter of standard design is absurd. And our oh-so-Toronto glacially slow progress on physically segregated bike lanes is sad.
I’m by no means suggesting that a massive roll out of cameras would be sufficient to implement an honest Vision Zero, only that cameras are a proven and important part of the solution.