It's not. But we already pay for it.
Pre-pandemic, we had a deficit; we are not covering our expenses; ergo, no we do not pay for it.
Making things up, does not make them true.
Before you say it:
A) Gas taxes are not dedicated to highway infrastructure
B) Gas taxes are not sufficient to cover transportation related infrastructure costs even if dedicated to that purpose.
C) Absent pricing in a manner that reduced demand per capita, when we have a growing population; costs of new build are enormous and growing.
D) None of this includes the externalized costs of highways, in terms of health-related costs, the costs of urban sprawl; and lost land value and its economic and tax spinoffs.